JOHN COLTRANE - BLUE TRAIN * CLASSIC RECORDS 200 GRAM PRESS * NM 9/10
Blue Train is the second studio album by John Coltrane, released in 1958 on Blue Note Records, catalogue BLP 1577. Recorded at the Van Gelder Studio in Hackensack, New Jersey, it is Coltrane's second solo album, the only one he recorded for Blue Note as a leader, and the only one he conceived personally for the label. It has been certified a gold record by the RIAA.
The album was recorded in the midst of Coltrane's residency at the Five Spot as a member of the Thelonious Monk quartet. The personnel include Coltrane's once and future Miles Davis bandmates, Paul Chambers on bass and Philly Joe Jones on drums, both of whom had played on pianist Kenny Drew's trio album on Riverside Records the year before. Both trumpeter Lee Morgan and trombonist Curtis Fuller were up-and-coming jazz musicians, and both would be members of Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers, working together on Blakey's acclaimed Indestructible album among others.
All of the compositions were written by Coltrane, with the exception of the standard "I'm Old Fashioned." The title track is a long, rhythmically variegated blues with a sentimental minor theme that gradually shifts to major during Coltrane's first chorus. "Locomotion" is also a blues riff tune, in forty-four-bar form. During a 1960 interview, Coltrane described Blue Train as his favorite album of his own up to that point.
John Coltrane's next major album, 1960's Giant Steps, would break new melodic and harmonic ground in jazz, whereas Blue Train adheres to the hard bop style of the era. Two of its songs — "Moment's Notice" and "Lazy Bird" — demonstrate Coltrane's first recorded use of Coltrane changes, which he would later expand upon on Giant Steps. Musicologist Lewis Porter has also demonstrated a harmonic relationship between Coltrane's "Lazy Bird" and Tadd Dameron's "Lady Bird".
In 1997, The Ultimate Blue Train was released, adding two alternate takes and enhanced content, and in 1999 a 24bit 192kHz DVD-Audio version was issued. In 2003, both a Super Audio Compact Disc version was released, as well as a remastered compact disc as part of Blue Note's Rudy Van Gelder series.
In 2015, Blue Note/Universal released a Blu-Ray Audio edition of the album with four bonus tracks, one of which is a previously unreleased take of "Lazy Bird". (AMG)
A Note on Classic Records: Acclaimed reissue label specializing in audiophile LP reissues of classic albums; employs its own custom-built tube-based mastering equipment on all of its releases; masters its releases from original master tapes (or the best sources available). Earliest releases were a box set of RCA Living Stereo classical titles and Verve jazz titles (subsequently sold individually). (AMG)
Classic Records used 180 gram vinyl until 2001. That year they switched to 180 gram "SV" (Super Vinyl) and added a sticker specifying the type of vinyl to all their LPs. They introduced 200 gram "Quiex SV-P" in July 2002. That was followed by "SV-P II" and, in 2008, "Clarity Vinyl." In the 2000s, they also introduced lower priced versions of many of their LPs, pressed from the same masters but on regular 150, 140, or 120 gram vinyl. Represses were always done on the latest vinyl formulation and can be dated by the sticker.
Classic also produced a line of gold CDs in the 1990s and then 24/96 HDAD digital disks. Mastering was typically done at Bernie Grundman Mastering by Grundman himself or Chris Bellman. Classic's assets were purchased by Acoustic Sounds in 2010. (DSC)
John Coltrane – Blue Train
Label: Classic Records – BN 1577-Stereo - 200G, Blue Note – BLP 1577, Blue Note – 1577
Format: Vinyl, LP, Album, Reissue, Remastered, Stereo, 200 Gram
Country: US Released: 01 Jan 2005
A1 Blue Train Written-By – Coltrane*
A2 Moment's Notice Written-By – Coltrane*
B1 Locomotion Written-By – Coltrane*
B2 I'm Old Fashioned Written-By – Kern*, Mercer*
B3 Lazy Bird Written-By – Coltrane*
Licensed From – EMI-Capitol Music Special Markets
Recorded At – Van Gelder Studio, Hackensack, New Jersey
Published By – Groove Music (3)
Bass – Paul Chambers (3)
Design [Cover] – Reid Miles
Drums – "Philly" Joe Jones
Lacquer Cut By – Bernie Grundman
Liner Notes – Robert Levin (2)
Mastered By – Bernie Grundman
Photography By – Francis Wolff
Piano – Kenny Drew
Producer – Alfred Lion
Recorded By – Rudy Van Gelder
Tenor Saxophone – John Coltrane
Trombone – Curtis Fuller
Trumpet – Lee Morgan
Stereo Gold Sticker
John Coltrane performs courtesy of Prestige Records, Kenny Drew performs courtesy of Riverside Records
For Complete Catalog Write to BLUE NOTE RECORDS INC., 43 West 61st St., New York 23
Courtesy Blue Note Records, a division of Capitol Records, Inc., under license from EMI-Capitol Music Special Markets
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BLUE NOTE 33⅓ MICROGROOVE LONG PLAYING
BLUE NOTE RECORDS • 47 WEST 63rd • NYC
BLUE NOTE RECORDS • 47 WEST 63rd • NEW YORK 23
The track duration does not appear on the release.
Matrix / Runout (Label Side A): BN 1577-A
Matrix / Runout (Label Side B): BN 1577-B
Matrix / Runout (Runout Side A): BN-LP 1577-A BG
Matrix / Runout (Runout Side B): BN-LP 1577-B BG
Rights Society: BMI
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