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Built in 2002, the Carmen allowed for every implementation of the 5" disc except DVD-A and SACD, including 96kHz 24-bit compatibility, while good old CD is not neglected as this uses Pioneer's dual-laser transport as its heart. It is therefore as careful of CD playback as it is of DVD. Moreover, it employs separate low-jitter crystal oscillators for independently processed video and audio. Taking this further, the audio and video circuits are completely separated to keep video noise away from the audio circuits and audio noise away from the video circuits.
Carmen uses fourteen highly filtered and regulated power supplies, comprised of multiple transformers for absolute isolation between circuits, and each supply and circuit features integral RF suppression for greater reduction of interference. The drive mechanism's twin laser diodes are specified as 650nm for DVD and 780nm for CD, CD-R, CD-RW and VCD; the player had no problems with any of the CD-Rs or CD-RWs.
Special low-jitter digital servo circuits control the motor speed, laser tracking and focus, while other dedicated circuits use "sophisticated parametric statistical analysis" to correct errors on less than pristine discs bearing the ravages of fingerprints, dust and other ill-handling.
There is one problem with the player. When it is cold, it occasionally "jitters". It is NOT a laser problem but something in the circuit board causing the problem according to my technician. Once it warms up, it works fine. I just always leave it powered up.
Original box, remote, manual and power cord are included.