JETHRO TULL **AQUALUNG**
***CLASSIC RECORDS 200 GRAM PRESS***
Aqualung is the fourth studio album by the rock band Jethro Tull. Released in 1971, Aqualung, despite the band's disapproval, is regarded as a concept album featuring a central theme of "the distinction between religion and God". The album's "dour musings on faith and religion" have marked it as "one of the most cerebral albums ever to reach millions of rock listeners". Aqualung 's success marked a turning point in the band's career, who went on to become a major radio and touring act.
Recorded at Island Records' studio in London, it was their first album with John Evan as a full-time member, their first with new bassist Jeffrey Hammond and last album featuring Clive Bunker on drums. Something of a departure from the band's previous work, the album features more acoustic material than previous releases; and—inspired by photographs of homeless people on the Thames Embankment taken by singer Ian Anderson's wife Jennie—contains a number of recurring themes, addressing religion along with Anderson's own personal experiences.
Aqualung has sold more than 7 million units worldwide according to Anderson, and is thus Jethro Tull's best-selling album. The album was generally well-received critically, and has been included on several music magazine "best of" lists. The album spawned one single, "Hymn 43".
After an American tour in 1970, bass player Glenn Cornick was fired from the band, and was replaced with Jeffrey Hammond, an old friend of Ian Anderson's. Aqualung would be the first recording Hammond would do with the band. It would also mark the first time John Evan had recorded a full album with the band, as his only prior involvement was to overdub several keyboard parts on the previous album, Benefit. The album was one of the first to be recorded at the newly opened studios of Island Records in Basing Street, London. Led Zeppelin were recording their untitled fourth album at the same time. In an interview on the 25th anniversary edition of the album, Tull's bandleader Ian Anderson said that trying to record in their studio was very difficult, because of its "horrible, cold, echoey" feel. There were two recording studios at the location; Led Zeppelin worked in the smaller studio while Tull got the larger, which was the main body of a converted church. The orchestrals were arranged by David Palmer, who had worked with the band since 1968's This Was, and would later join as a keyboard player. Aqualung would be the last Jethro Tull album to include Clive Bunker as a band member, as he retired shortly after recording to start a family.
The album's original cover art by Burton Silverman features a watercolor portrait of a long haired, bearded man in shabby clothes. The idea for the cover came from a photograph Anderson's wife took of a homeless man on Thames Embankment, and Anderson later felt it would have been better to have used the photograph rather than commission the painting. Ian Anderson recalls posing for a photograph for the painting, though Silverman claims it was a self-portrait. The artwork was commissioned and purchased by Chrysalis Records head Terry Ellis. Artist Silverman claims the art was only licensed for use as an album cover, and not for merchandising; and approached the band seeking remuneration for its further use. Silverman and Anderson have different accounts of level of enmity involved in this. The original artwork for both the front and back covers are now privately owned by an unknown family, apparently having been stolen from a London hotel room. (AMG)
A Note on Classic Records: Acclaimed reissue label specializing in audiophile LP reissues of classic albums; employs its own custom-built tube-based mastering equipment on all of its releases; masters its releases from original master tapes (or the best sources available). Earliest releases were a box set of RCA Living Stereo classical titles and Verve jazz titles (subsequently sold individually).
Classic used 180 gram vinyl until 2001. That year they switched to 180 gram "SV" (Super Vinyl) and added a sticker specifying the type of vinyl to all their LPs. They introduced 200 gram "Quiex SV-P" in July 2002. That was followed by "SV-P II" and, in 2008, "Clarity Vinyl." In the 2000s, they also introduced lower priced versions of many of their LPs, pressed from the same masters but on regular 150, 140, or 120 gram vinyl. Represses were always done on the latest vinyl formulation and can be dated by the sticker.
Classic also produced a line of gold CDs in the 1990s and then 24/96 HDAD digital disks. Mastering was typically done at Bernie Grundman Mastering by Grundman himself or Chris Bellman. Classic's assets were purchased by Acoustic Sounds in 2010. (DSC)
Jethro Tull – Aqualung
Label: Classic Records – ILPS 9145-200G
Format: Vinyl, LP, Album, Reissue, Gatefold Sleeve
Country: US Released: 2007
A1 Aqualung Lyrics By [Words] – Jennie Anderson 6:34
A2 Cross-Eyed Mary 4:06
A3 Cheap Day Return 1:21
A4 Mother Goose 3:51
A5 Wond'ring Aloud 1:53
A6 Up To Me 3:14
B1 My God 7:08
B2 Hymn 43 3:15
B3 Slipstream 1:12
B4 Locomotive Breath 4:23
B5 Wind-Up 6:01
Arranged By [Orchestra], Conductor [Orchestra] – David Palmer (2)
Artwork By [Layout] – CCS
Artwork By [Paintings] – Burton Silverman
Bass Guitar, Recorder [Alto], Voice [Odd Voices] – Jeffrey Hammond-Hammond
Drums, Percussion – Clive Bunker
Electric Guitar, Recorder [Descant] – Martin Barre
Engineer – John Burns
Flute, Acoustic Guitar, Voice – Ian Anderson
Piano, Organ, Mellotron – John Evan
Producer – Ian Anderson, Terry Ellis
Written-By – Ian Anderson
200 gram Quiex Super Vinyl Profile Hand Made
A product of Chrysalis Records Ltd. Manufactured and distributed by Classic Records, inc.
Matrix / Runout (Side 1): ILPS-9145-A CB
Matrix / Runout (Side 2): ILPS-9145-B CB
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